In light of the discussion here, I have drafted the below proposal to replace Approval Voting in Delegate elections with Instant-Runoff Voting, which would unify all of our forum-based elections to a single, IRV ballot. The primary goal is to reduce voter confusion.
I present this as a draft for discussion, not a finally baked proposal. I will note that I wrote this while somewhat tired, so if folks catch drafting errors–typographical or substantive–please point them out.
Amendments to the Elections Act
(1) For forum-based voting, voters shall vote by secret ballot.
- The method of casting secret ballots will be selected by the Election Commissioner. The chosen method must utilize an unaffiliated account, group, or server, with the method and all votes remaining available for audit.
- Voters may not alter their votes once cast via the method selected by the Election Commissioner.
- Named ballots shall not be released by the Election Commissioner under any circumstances.
(2) In each election, voters can, subject to limitations set for the specific voting method, vote for the Re-Open Nominations option, which shall function like a normal candidate in the election. If, under the voting method used, the option to Re-Open Nominations is athe first or only winner, the election process for the exact position won by it shall restart.
(3) To be eligible to be included on a ballot, a candidate must post a campaign in an area designated by the Election Commissioner. The campaign must prominently include a truthful declaration of all potential conflicts of interest the candidate may have within and outside of the South Pacific.
(4) To be eligible to vote in, or stand for, a forum-based election, a citizen must have been accepted by the Citizenship Committee before the period for nominations began for that particular election.
(5) If the voting method used in an election ties candidates, whether for elimination or winning, the Election Commissioner will select a method of arbitration, unless the tie can be resolved by special provisions set for the election in law. If the method chosen involves chance, an unaffiliated Discord bot will be used to generate a result in a public channel randomly using a coin toss or some similar set of pre-defined outcomes.
(6) Under Instant-Runoff Voting, the sole winner iswinners - as many as specified for the respective position - are determined as follows;
- As their ballot, a voter lists any candidates they wish in descending order of preference.
- Until a candidate has received an absolute majority of first-place preferences and thus becomes thea winner, the candidate with the fewest first-place preferences is eliminated and the ballots get retallied, ignoring any eliminated candidates and discounting ballots solely listing eliminated candidates.
- If candidates tie for elimination, all those receiving the fewest second-place preferences among them are eliminated.
d. If the position specifies more than one winner, then the last candidate eliminated shall also become a winner until the requisite number of winners have been chosen, provided, however, that no candidate shall become a winner if named on less than half of all ballots cast.
(7) Under Approval Voting, winners ‒ as many as specified for the respective position ‒ are determined as follows;
- As their ballot, a voter either indicates all candidates they approve of, or the option to Re-Open Nominations.
- Until enough winners have been found, the most-approved candidate among the non-winners becomes a winner.
- The option to Re-Open Nominations wins in place of the winners who have been approved on less than half of all ballots.
(87) Under Majority Voting, the sole winner is determined as follows;
- As their ballot, a voter indicates the candidate their vote shall go towards.
- If a candidate has received an absolute majority of votes, they are the winner; otherwise, the two candidates who have received the most votes advance to a runoff, held under the same rules as this round of voting. Should this runoff result in a tie, then the tie shall be broken according to the general tie-breaking procedure.
(1) The Delegate will be elected in a two-round process constituting a single election, with the citizens voting on a slate of nominees on the forums, and candidates advancing from that process being voted on by regional poll on-site.
(2) On the 15th of January and July, the citizens will convene for the first round of Delegate Elections.
- Any eligible citizen wishing to run for Delegate may declare their candidacy, and the citizens will debate the merits of their platform. Any player who has been banned from World Assembly membership will be considered ineligible and any candidate who is later discovered to be banned from World Assembly membership will be immediately disqualified. Citizens wishing to run for Delegate must hold a number of endorsements equal to at least 80% of the existing general endorsement cap at the commencement of the election period.
- The campaign and debate period will last four days, after which the citizens will vote for four days.
- This round of voting for Delegate will use Approval Voting Instant-Runoff Voting to determine two winners as candidates in the second round. If candidates tie for being a winner, all of those tied candidates shall be considered winners.
(3) After the winners of the first round have been determined, the second round will commence with those winners as candidates.
- The Election Commissioner will create a six-day-long regional poll through which eligible members may cast their ballots. The poll must provide instructions for them on how to do so, and may only allow Native World Assembly members to participate.
- A Dispatch containing the campaigns of all candidates will be created to aid voters in their choice.
- Members of the South Pacific Special Forces who are on deployment at the conclusion of the regional poll are eligible to cast a ballot. The Prime Minister shall provide a list of deployed personnel to the Election Commissioner. Members on the list can cast their ballot through a public post on the Regional Message Board which tags the Election Commissioner.
- The winner of this round, as decided using Majority Voting, will be declared the Delegate-elect.
(4) The Delegate-elect will be considered formally inaugurated upon achieving the most endorsements. Prior to inauguration, the sole responsibility of the Delegate-elect is to gather endorsements, in coordination with the incumbent Delegate and in cooperation with the Council on Regional Security. The incumbent will continue to hold the office of the Delegate and will remain responsible for all responsibilities of that office, serving out the remainder of their term, until the inauguration of the Delegate-elect.