Here’s an alternative omnibus bill draft I’ve been working on, based on the KWB omnibus. It’s a bit of a long post, so hopefully, the table of contents in the sidebar will make things a bit easier
Thank you to Kris for putting together the original omnibus. I look forward to any constructive comments, feedback, and criticism!
In case it’s of use, I’ve linked below a document tracking changes made from the KWB omnibus — additions in green, deletions in red.
diff.pdf (617.4 KB)
Charter of the South Pacific
The Coalition of the South Pacific, representing the nations within its diverse community, convenes to establish a fundamental law for the region, to uphold democratic principles and individual rights, and to provide for the security and welfare of the community.
1. Supremacy and Sovereignty
(1) The Charter is the highest law of the region and holds supremacy over all other laws and regulations.
(2) The Coalition holds sole sovereignty over the South Pacific and it cannot be dissolved, nor can its nature or structure be altered other than through the process provided by this Charter.
2. Rights and Freedoms
(1) Members of the South Pacific, who have joined the region in good faith, are guaranteed the following rights in all matters except the reasonable enforcement of moderation rules under Article 9, Section 2:
- To freedom of expression, of association, and of the press.
- To petition government officials and receive prompt and adequate response.
- To reside in the region and use its offsite venues without arbitrary ejection or ban.
- To not be subject to bills of attainder or ex post facto laws.
- To vote and hold public office, subject to reasonable restrictions prescribed by law.
(2) Members are guaranteed the exercise of any rights not listed in this section without being subject to arbitrary restrictions.
3. The Assembly
(1) The Assembly is the supreme legislative authority of the Coalition and has the sole power to amend this Charter, pass laws on all matters of regional interest, pass treaties and declarations of war, recall government officials, and establish further regulations to conduct its proceedings.
(2) The Assembly passes amendments to this Charter with a three-fifths majority, and all other measures with a simple majority, of all valid votes cast, excluding abstentions, subject to all other regulations prescribed by law.
(3) The Assembly elects a Chair from among its own to maintain civility, guide legislative debate, administer the legislative process, represent its institutional interests, and perform other functions prescribed by law.
(4) The Assembly consists of all voters admitted by its Chair who meet and continue to meet all the qualifications prescribed by law.
4. The Delegate
(1) The Delegate is the head of state and ceremonial leader of the Coalition, elected for a term of six months in a manner prescribed by law to promote regional unity and values, uphold regional security, and perform those tasks that due to game mechanics cannot be performed by others.
(2) The Delegate, who has been lawfully elected or who lawfully succeeded to the office, is the sole nation allowed to hold the seat of World Assembly Delegate.
(3) The Delegate casts votes on proposals and all other measures before the World Assembly as directed by the Prime Minister or, in the absence of any such direction, as prescribed by law.
5. The Executive
(1) The Prime Minister is the head of government, elected for a term of three months in a manner prescribed by law to set, direct, and implement policy related to foreign affairs, community development, and all other areas related to the regional growth and interests.
(2) The Prime Minister may appoint ministers with the approval of the Assembly to assist with the formulation and implementation of executive policy, and they hold their office for the duration of the executive term and at the pleasure of the Prime Minister.
(3) The Prime Minister may issue further regulations to facilitate the conduction of executive affairs.
(4) The Prime Minister may issue regulations to address immediate and pressing issues arising from ambiguities or gaps in the law, but such regulations will be reversed if the Assembly does not ratify them within a week of their issuance.
6. The Judiciary
(1) The High Court is the supreme judicial authority of the Coalition and has the sole power to perform the following functions:
- To interpret, reconcile, and void laws and regulations upon the determination that they conflict with a higher law.
- To review and overturn decisions by government institutions upon the determination that they conflict with higher laws and regulations.
- To conduct criminal proceedings and render sentencing for the commission of crimes.
(2) The Court may issue further regulations to conduct its proceedings.
(3) The Court consists of judges appointed by the Assembly.
7. Regional Security
(1) The Security Council conducts oversight over regional security, establishes and enforces an appropriate cap on endorsements, and establishes a line of succession to the delegacy.
(2) The Council may declare a state of emergency in the event of a coup d’état or invasion and during that time it may take all measures necessary to defeat the coup d’état or invasion, other than impeding the business of the Assembly or any additional restrictions established by law.
(3) The Council consists of members appointed by the Council itself or the Assembly, and the Council may by simple majority suspend any of its own from the exercise of their functions upon the conclusion that they constitute a threat to regional security.
(1) Officials elected by the people or appointed by or with the approval of the Assembly must be voters who have never participated to any degree in a coup d’état or invasion against the Coalition. Officials in breach of this section automatically lose their office.
(2) Officials may be recalled by the Assembly on grounds of dereliction of duty, abuse of power, or violations of the law, but the effect of recall extends only to removal from office.
(3) Officials hold their office until the expiration of their term or dismissal, if applicable, or otherwise until recall, resignation, or loss of qualifications.
(1) Administrators are responsible for the technical maintenance of all regional offsite venues and the moderation of all regional onsite and offsite venues.
(2) Administrators have autonomy to perform their duties, issue administration and moderation rules, and manage the composition of their own membership and their support staff, but new administrators must obtain the approval of the Assembly.
(3) Changes to administration and moderation rules, and appointments of administrators and moderators, must be publicly announced and made available for comments for a period of seven days before they may take effect.
An act to regulate the composition and procedures of the Assembly.
1. General Provisions
(1) This law considers the following terms:
- Approval Vote - a system where legislators may list all the candidates whom they approve in no particular order of preference, or alternatively cast a vote in abstention, and the winner is the candidate who receives the highest number of approvals.
- Minister - the minister appointed by the Prime Minister to oversee the portfolio related to foreign policy.
- Legislator - a voter who has successfully joined the Assembly, pursuant to the provisions contained within this act.
- Election Commissioner - a voter appointed by the Security Council to administer elections, pursuant to the Voting Act.
2. Legislator Registration
(1) Voters who wish to join the Assembly must petition the Chair for admission where they show that they are a registered voter and have no bad faith or ill intent toward the Assembly, provided that repeated removals due to inactivity may be held as evidence of bad faith.
(2) Legislators retain their status until resignation or removal by the Chair, the latter upon the determination that the legislator:
- Failed to cast a vote in at least half the votes that were held in the preceding session, or who did not vote at all if less than three votes were held in the preceding session.
- Breached decorum or through their behaviour impeded the orderly conduction of legislative proceedings.
- Has been removed from the rolls of voters pursuant to Article 2, Section 2 of the Voting Act.
(3) Voters may not appeal to the High Court a declined petition, but they may apply again if their circumstances have changed. Legislators may appeal to the High Court a removal on the grounds that proper procedure was not followed or that there was no rational basis for the removal.
3. The Chair of the Assembly
(1) The Chair is elected by the Assembly and holds their office until the election of a successor, loss of legislator status, or otherwise pursuant to Article 8 of the Charter.
(2) Elections for the Chair begin on the first of every February and August, or no later than seven days after a vacancy, and consist of a period of three days reserved for declarations of candidacy and a period of three days reserved for voting conducted under approval vote. In the event of a vacancy where less than one month remains in the term, the election held replaces the next regular election.
(3) The Election Commissioner conducts elections for the Chair pursuant to Article 3, Section 2 of the Voting Act.
(4) The Chair is responsible for all matters related to the administration of the Assembly, including but not limited to the following:
- Process legislator registrations and remove legislators who resign or no longer meet the requisite qualifications.
- Maintain decorum and civility among legislators and sanction those who breach decorum.
- Conduct votes, certify their results, and record their legislative history.
- Maintain the archive of laws.
- Correct errors in orthography, grammar, and lack of uniform formatting without changing the meaning or intent of laws, and providing three days notice of any such corrections.
(5) The Chair may appoint officials to act in their name for all purposes of this law, but the Chair retains final authority on all decisions.
(6) The Chair may establish committees for express purposes, composed of no less than two legislators, and such committees should periodically report their work to the Assembly.
(7) In the event that the Chair and their appointed officials are unable or unwilling to perform their duties related to the administration of votes, any willing legislator may perform those duties.
(8) In the event that the Chair and their appointed officials are unable or unwilling to perform their duties related to the admission of new legislators, the Assembly may grant petitions for legislator status by simple majority.
5. Legislative Procedure
(1) Legislators meet in two ceremonial sessions during the regular term of a Chair, each lasting three months, and at the start of each session the Chair addresses the Assembly on matters of institutional importance.
(2) Legislators may submit proposals to:
- Amend the Charter.
- Create, amend, or repeal laws or resolutions.
- Appoint, approve, or recall officials by simple majority, pursuant to law.
- Adopt any other measure related to matters of regional interest.
(2) The Prime Minister or the Minister have the sole right to submit proposals to adopt, amend, or repeal treaties and declarations of war with foreign regions and organisations.
(3) Proposals must, before they are brought to a vote, be debated for no less than three days, provided that the Chair may waive this requirement in cases urgency is required, and receive a motion and a second from separate legislators.
(4) Proposals that address the same matter, as determined by the Chair, that have both received a motion and a second, should be brought to a vote at the same time and the one with a higher percentage of affirmative votes, which also meets the threshold for passage, will be enacted.
(5) Proposals brought to a vote remain so for three days and are open only to legislators, subject to the provisions of Article 3, Section 2 of the Charter.
(6) Within the first ceremonial session of each year, the Assembly will consider the reappointment and reapproval of all officials except for those who were appointed or approved since the end of the first session of the previous year. If an official is not reappointed or reapproved by the end of the first session, they cease to hold their office.
An act to define the acts that constitute crimes within the Coalition and determine the adequate penalties for their commission.
(1) The following constitute crimes when committed by a member of the South Pacific in any venue within or without the jurisdiction of the Coalition, when committed to its detriment or that of fellow members of the South Pacific:
- Treason - plotting against the Coalition, aiding any foreign region or organisation against which a state of war exists, or any individual or entity that has been declared persona non grata.
- Threatening Regional Security - attempting through plotting, actions or rhetoric to lower the endorsement count of the Delegate without the consent of the Security Council, or repeatedly and defiantly breaking the endorsement cap after receiving official warnings.
- Espionage - attempting to unlawfully obtain, or unlawfully distributing, information in violation of the Accountability Act.
- Organised Crime - committing a crime in association with others, or being involved in a group or association whose purpose, whether sole or incidental, is the commission of a crime.
- Voting Fraud - recruiting knowing or unknowing voters or legislators with the goal of manipulating the outcome of a vote for corrupt purposes, or participating in a group or association with the goal, whether sole or incidental, or manipulating the outcome of a vote with corrupt purposes.
- Corruption - misusing public office for private or personal advantage, or prompting public officials to misuse their office in return for providing undue support or for not revealing compromising, injurious, or defamatory information.
- Contempt of Government - obstructing the work of the Assembly or the High Court by preventing the orderly conduction of their proceedings, defying their lawful orders, submitting vexatious proposals or cases despite being warned, or otherwise preventing either institution from properly discharging their functions.
- Defamation - distributing false or grossly misleading information about an individual to one or several recipients, for the purpose of damaging the standing of that individual, with reckless disregard for its factual accuracy.
(1) The sentence for treason is an immediate and permanent ban from all venues under the jurisdiction of the Coalition, except as necessary to engage with the High Court.
(2) The sentence for all other crimes is determined by the High Court, provided that the sentence must be proportional to the crime and consider any aggravating or mitigating circumstances that may be relevant.
An act to establish and regulate an official military.
1. General Provisions
(1) This law considers the following terms:
- Offensive Operation - any operation whose effect, intended or not, is the attack, destruction, vandalisation, subjugation, or colonisation of a region.
- Hostile Act - any action that has a clear detrimental effect over the Coalition or its interests, or rhetoric that can be reasonably read as inciting the commission of hostile acts.
(1) The South Pacific Special Forces (SPSF) are the official military of the Coalition.
(2) The military will endeavor to:
- Defend the Coalition and its allies.
- Protect innocent regions from attack.
- Promote legitimate, native democratic institutions across the world.
(3) The military will not engage in offensive operations except against:
- Regions which espouse hateful ideologies,
- Regions against which the Assembly has declared an official state of war, or
- Regions which have committed hostile acts as declared by the Assembly.
(1) The General Corps is a body responsible for organizing military missions and deciding personnel membership and ranks. A member of the General Corps is a General.
(2) The General Corps may issue lawful orders to the military.
(3) The General Corps may issue regulations for the recruitment, maintainence, and overall funtioning of the military in accordance with its scope and purpose.
(4) Generals must be appointed by the Assembly.
(1) The General Corps may establish a code of conduct for members of the military.
(2) The General Corps may enact disciplinary actions for violations of this code of conduct.
Gameside Powers Act
An act to regulate the use of regional officer authorities.
1. General Provisions
(1) This law considers the following terms:
- Minister - any of the ministers appointed by the Prime Minister to oversee a portfolio.
- Election Commissioner - a voter appointed by the Security Council to administer elections pursuant to Article 3, Section 2 of the Voting Act.
- Moderator - an official appointed by Administrators to enforce moderation rules pursuant to Article 10, Section 2 of the Charter.
- Low Influence - an influence score in the South Pacific no higher than the maximum attainable score for a nation with no endorsements.
2. Regional Officers
(1) The Delegate holds all authorities available to them due to the nature of game mechanics.
(2) The Delegate assigns to all other officials regional officer positions with a combination of authorities as prescribed below:
- 1 position to the Prime Minister with all authorities other than border control.
- 3 or less positions to Ministers with any combination of authorities other than border control as directed by the Prime Minister.
- 1 position to the Election Commissioner with communications and polls authorities when needed to administer an election.
- 3 or less positions to Moderators with border control, appearance, and communications authorities.
- 3 or more positions to the Security Council with border control, appearance, and communications authorities.
(3) The Security Council may authorise and revoke the assignment of border control authority to other individuals.
(4) Officials may be dismissed as regional officer, notwithstanding Article 2, Section 2, for misusing their assigned authorities or otherwise engaging in behaviour unbecoming of their office by order of the Delegate or the institution or official who appointed them.
3. Appearance and Communications Authorities
(1) Officials may use appearance and communications authorities only in ways that are respectful, honest, restrained to a reasonable frequency of notifications, and neutral regarding political ideology or debate.
(2) Officials may not use appearance and communications authorities to engage in any of the following:
- Mislead the public.
- Criticise members of the South Pacific.
- Criticise the Coalition.
- Threaten the security of the Coalition or its allies.
- Influence an election, vote, or government proceeding for their benefit or that of others.
(3) The World Factbook Entry must always visibly contain a link to the regional forum and server, a link with information about the endorsement cap, and a request to endorse the Delegate.
(4) The Delegate may enact further guidelines, restrictions, and approval workflows to regulate the adequate use of appearance and communications authorities.
4. Border Control Authority
(1) Officials may only use border control authority when permitted by law or when needed to prevent an imminent coup d’état or invasion in the minutes leading up to a game update.
(2) Any use of border control authority must be immediately notified to the Security Council.
(3) The Security Council may order the ejection or ban of any nation that:
- Contributes to an imminent threat of deposing the Delegate, wherein the nation may be expelled for as long as may be necessary to become a low influence nation.
- Defiantly violates the endorsement cap, wherein the nation may be expelled for up to 24 hours.
- Is controlled by an individual whose other nations are already subject to an ejection or ban order, wherein the nation may be subject to the same order.
(4) Moderators may order and enforce the ejection or ban of any nation as fair and proportional penalty for violating moderation rules.
An act to regulate the composition and procedures of the High Court.
1. General Provisions
(1) This law considers the following terms:
- Legal Question - a question on the meaning of a law or the applicability of a law to a concrete or hypothetical situation, or the conformity of a decision by a government official with regional law.
- Criminal Complaint - a request that a member of the South Pacific be indicted of committing one or several of the crimes codified in the Criminal Code.
2. Judicial Appointments and Conduct
(1) The High Court consists of no less than three Associate Justices appointed by the Assembly, who hold their office pursuant to Article 8 of the Charter.
(2) Justices must take an oath of confidentiality and impartiality upon their confirmation by the Assembly and before they may assume their office.
(3) Justices must conform in all matters to the following standards of conduct:
- Rule upon what is written in law and what can be reasonably interpreted from the surrounding context without being influenced by prejudice, personal bias, undue influence, corruption, or other matters unbecoming of a judge.
- Consider the impact of rulings so that, when possible, no individual is empowered to exploit said rulings and no ruling is unreasonably absurd to the expense of more logical or less disruptive outcomes.
- Refrain from opinion within rulings on the wisdom or desirability of political matters or making comments that could be reasonably read to constitute an intrusion of the Court on political affairs.
- Maintain cordial relations with their fellow Justices and with the broader regional community.
- Be reasonably inquisitorial and exercise professional scepticism.
3. The Chief Justice
(1) The Chief Justice is elected by the Court from among their own and holds their office at the pleasure of the Court or otherwise pursuant to Article 8 of the Charter.
(2) The Chief Justice is responsible for all matters related to the administration of the Court, including but not limited to the following:
- Process case submissions and lead the discussion on their admissibility.
- Maintain decorum in civility in all venues where the Court conducts its business.
- Maintain the archive of cases.
- Manage the rotation of case assignments to Justices.
- Order the recusal of Justices where their impartiality might be impacted.
- Represent the institutional interests of the Court.
(3) The Chief Justice holds seniority over their fellow Justices but may not exercise any authority beyond that which is granted by this law without the consent of the majority of the Court.
(4) In the event that the Chief Justice is unable or unwilling to perform their duties, the next available Associate Justice in descending order of confirmation may perform those duties.
4. Judicial Procedure
(1) The Court may consider legal questions and criminal complaints submitted by any member of the South Pacific, provided that such cases refer to a matter of law rather than a matter of political determination, and that they are not frivolous in nature.
(2) The Chief Justice assigns a Justice to preside over a case that has been admitted, and they will thereafter be responsible for all matters related to the management of the case including, but not limited to the following:
- Request information that they deem relevant to the case, provided that upon the concurrence of a second Justice such requests may be issued under penalty of contempt.
- Consider all the information that is available or that has been obtained over the course of the case and that may be relevant to it.
- Issue, with the concurrence of a second Justice, a decision, verdict, or sentence that adequately answers the question that was made to the Court.
(3) The Presiding Justice may issue, with the concurrence of a second Justice, an injunction to compel an individual or institution to do or refrain from doing something, when necessary for the orderly progression of a case or the maintenance of public order. An injunction may not involve any of the following:
- Have a duration longer than four weeks, unless extended subject to the same limitation.
- Unreasonably restrict the right guaranteed to members under Article 3 of the Charter or deprive individuals from the right to judicial recourse.
- Order an act that is not reversible.
(4) The Presiding Justice must promptly notify a party against whom a criminal complaint has been admitted and afford them no less than seven days to present a reasonable defence, but failure to provide a defence within the allotted time may not be used as grounds for appeal.
(5) The Presiding Justice issues a verdict of guilty only upon finding it substantially more likely than not that the indicted party committed the relevant crime, and thereafter issue a sentence proportional to the crime and the circumstances under which it was committed, if no appeal is pending, but interested parties must be given a reasonable time to communicate any mitigating or aggravating factors that may be relevant to the determination of the sentence.
(6) Members of the South Pacific may appeal decisions on legal questions and sentences wherein they are the convicted party, only on grounds of failure to follow proper procedure, contradictions of law, judicial misconduct, or the emergence of relevant new information, provided that the Presiding Justice may not participate in any such appeal.
Unfortunately, I was hitting the character limit for a single post, so our remaining laws will go in the next reply.